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clear and disable history
At its core lies its ancient medina, a World Heritage Site.East of the medina through the Sea Gate (also known as the Bab el Bhar and the Porte de France) begins the modern city, or Ville Nouvelle, traversed by the grand Avenue Habib Bourguiba (often referred to by popular press and travel guides as "the Tunisian Champs-Élysées"), where the colonial-era buildings provide a clear contrast to smaller, older structures.
This small independent kingdom picked up the threads of trade and commerce with other nations, and brought the region back to peace and prosperity.
The Almohad conquest marked the beginning of the dominance of the city in Tunisia.
Having previously played a minor role behind Kairouan and Mahdia, Tunis was promoted to the rank of provincial capital.
In 1228, Governor Abu Zakariya seized power and, a year later, took the title of Emir and founded the Hafsid dynasty.
Thus, during Agathocles' expedition, which landed at Cape Bon in 310 BC, Tunis changed hands on various occasions.
and that its population was mainly composed of peasants, fishermen, and craftsmen.
There are also some mentions in ancient Roman sources of such names of nearby towns as Tuniza (currently El Kala), Thunusuda (currently Sidi-Meskin), Thinissut (currently Bir Bouregba), and Thunisa (currently Ras Jebel).
As all of these Berber villages were situated on Roman roads, they undoubtedly served as rest-stations or stops. Because its culture and records were destroyed by the Romans at the end of the Third Punic War, very few Carthaginian primary historical sources survive.
The city became the capital of a Hafsid kingdom stretching towards Tripoli and Fez.
Walls were built to protect the emerging principal town of the kingdom, surrounding the medina, the kasbah and the new suburbs of Tunis.