Oregon laws minors dating adults
This five-year age difference approximates the typical legal criterion for statutory rape in the five largest states, although other states may use stricter or looser criteria.Using this five-year definition of age differences between 15-17-year-olds and their partners, we examine three related questions: What is the frequency with which children of 15-17-year-olds are fathered by older men?
Grouping together 15-19-year-olds and their partners ages 20 and older may misrepresent the issue of adolescents bearing children with older men.While births to young mothers and older men raise social concerns, these births make up a small share of all teenage childbearing: Only 8% of all births to 15-19-year-olds are to unmarried minors with a partner five or more years older.(Family Planning Perspectives,-66, 1997) Public attention has become focused on the role of "predatory"* adult men in teenage childbearing.To more accurately reflect the policy issues, we limit our analysis to mothers aged 15-17.(Comparable data for mothers aged 14 and younger were unavailable.) In addition, we focus on young women whose partner was at least five years older; such men are referred to as "older" partners throughout.Second, what are the characteristics of these minors and of their relationships?Finally, how do the socioeconomic characteristics of the older men who father children with minors differ from those of other adult fathers, and from those of younger fathers?While a 25-year-old man fathering a child with a 15-year-old would probably meet with social disapproval, the same might not be true for a couple consisting of a 21-year-old and an 18-year-old, particularly if they were married.Second, many relationships between men 20 or older and women 19 or younger do not violate any state's law, provided there is no forcible rape or incest.In three of the five states examined, the statutory provisions do not even apply to 17-year-old women, but to those 16 and younger.The minimum age difference required for a felony offense ranges from three to seven years, with Florida not specifying an age restriction for men who engage in sexual intercourse with women younger than 16.