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Atlantic Canada, also known as the Atlantic Provinces, consists of Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island in eastern Canada.

While much of the inland consists of forests, and there is a good deal of mining in some areas, fishing has been important to the provinces since the first European settlers arrived.

Acadia (in French Acadie) was the name given by the French to a territory in northeastern North America, including parts of eastern Quebec, the Atlantic Provinces of Canada and modern-day New England stretching as far south as Philadelphia.

Later, the territory was divided into the British colonies which were to become American states and Canadian provinces.

Some rural communities in the Maritime Provinces have unique vernacular expressions unfamiliar to tourists. Such expressions will not hamper a tourist's understanding of locals, but it may be a noticeable feature in certain areas.

Not limited to Atlantic Canada, some of these expressions can be found in neighbouring US states.

Music is one the main carriers of local ethnic cultures here, and it is possible to hear both French and Scots Gaelic songs sung, on Cape Breton Island for example, despite the overwhelming use of English in daily life.

Although Celtic influences are seen throughout the region, Newfoundland's music is distinct, incorporating much of the traditions of Irish and British sailors' and fishermen's sea shanties.The Mi'kmaq Nation's reserves throughout Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and eastern New Brunswick dominate aboriginal culture in the Maritimes region, while Newfoundland and Labrador has a unique history of Innu, Inuit, and Mi'kmaq groups.The first aboriginal group likely to have encountered Europeans in Newfoundland, the Beothuck, has long since disappeared.In Newfoundland the drink they try to force on tourists in called "screech".This is a high-proof rum from Jamaica that is the province's unoffcial national drink.Despite the region's strong Aboriginal and Acadian cultural heritage, it normally conjures up Celtic images for Canadian tourists, on account of the Scottish and Irish heritage of these provinces.A fragment of Gaelic culture remains in Nova Scotia but primarily on Cape Breton Island, where Gaelic is still a dominant language in some communities.A few Newfoundland English expressions you may encounter: Though Newfoundland English is alive and well, Newfoundland Irish is extinct and Newfoundland French very nearly so.Newfoundland Irish was a dialect of the Irish language specific to the island of Newfoundland and was widely spoken until the mid-20th century.Today, Acadia refers to regions of Atlantic Canada with French roots, language, and culture.In the abstract, Acadia refers to the existence of a French culture on Canada’s east coast.

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