XXX Chats

First time Canaanite history can be connected with recorded history. Late Bronze IB-Essentially the Pre-Amarna Egyptian Empire Age (1458-1388 BC). 1580 BC)*, City of David 17**, Jericho Stratum I/City IVc, Gezer XIX [first wall, high place; Old III and II] and XVIII*, Timnah XI*, Beth-Shean XI/XB and XB and XA*, Megiddo XI, Hazor XVI/Lower City 3*. Hurrian migrations and Egyptian campaigns (of Ahmose I and Thutmose I) have been suggested. 1535 BC)*, Halif XI, Tell el-Hesi Cities Sub II (Stratum XIII, from c. ), Gezer XVII, Timnah X*, Jericho City IVc*, Mevorakh XII, Megiddo IX (to 1458 BC? Pottery styles include Elaborate Bichrome Ware, Black/Gray Lustrous Ware, and Chocolate on White Ware.知识概况:0020002100690070080000001000010283083809-f9-11-02-9d-74-e3-5b-d8-41-56-c5-63-56-88-c009f911029d74e35bd84156c5635688c0000001-8881-9-8-5111111111110100010011001100100gigabi...

Later Israelite traditions tell of Abimelech causing disturbances in the area of Shechem, perhaps representing the end of Shechem XI.

The Izbet Sartah ostracon, found in an Early Iron IIa stratum (II), certainly belongs here.

7500 BC) Type sites include Motza Layer V, Jericho XI/City Ic1**, ‘Ain Ghazal, Munhata Layers 6-5. It is contemporary with the late Akkadian and Gutian periods in Mesopotamia and the 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th dynasties in Egypt. )*, Beitin LB Phase 2*, Aphek X12*, Shechem XII, Dor G 12-11 (to c. BC) Rehov D-8, Beth-Shean VIII and VII*, Megiddo VIIB*, Abu Hawam VC*, Hazor XIII/Lower City 1A (unfortified)**, Dan VIIB, Tyre XVI and XV, Kumidi 12 and 11, Gordion 8.

6200 BC) Type sites include Neolithic Ashkelon, Jericho X/City Ic2***, Munhata Layers 4-3B***. 2750 BC)* and I (XIII, squatter settlement)*** Bab ed-Dhra III, Jericho Stratum IV/City IIIb, City of David 19***, Gezer XXIV and XXIII***, Jericho Strata V and IV/Cities IIIb1 and IIIb2, et-Tell VIII (first fortifications/Urban A)* and VII and VI (Urban B)*, Khirbet Kerak Fortification A (Stratum IV)**, Dan XV. Pottery styles include Khirbet Kerak Ware, which seems to appear only in this phase in the areas south of et-Tell, which, becoming even more dominated by Egypt, was destroyed in this phase. Khirbet Kerak Ware ceases in the South of Palestine in this phase completely. It was caused by a combination of factors, including the 4.2 ka event, the enmity of Egypt to Canaan, and the lack of trade coming into Egypt. 1210 BC), Gath A9/E5, Ashdod XV, Tel Mor (pre-Assyrian Ashdod-Yam) VII*, City of David 16, Timnah VIB, Ekron VIIIB, Gezer XV (old Upper IV, to 1209 BC?

At present, anything above the Chalcolithic on this page should not be seen as reliable. The 733/2 BC campaign of Tiglath Pileser certainly caused the destruction of Galilee at the end of Iron IIB, and probably that of the Jezreel Valley and Gezer. 960)***, City of David 15, Tel Mor III, Tell el-Ful I, Gibeon “Iron I”**, Mizpah IV, Raddanah 3, et-Tell I, Beth-Shemesh III/Level 4 (to c.

Chronology is first constructed largely from historical records, which show the Persian period began in 539 BC, Megiddo III was occupied during the Assyrian period (c. 622 BC), Lachish III (and, almost certainly, all contemporary sites in Judah with a destruction layer) was destroyed in 701 BC (the Albrightians originally went for 597 BC, then for the two-campaign hypothesis; the Lachish relief of Sennacherib does not come with a date, but certainly dates the campaign to 701 BC), Jerusalem’s Iron IIB fortifications and tunneling attempts were built up during the Hezekian revolt, Egyptian-influenced Ashkelon Grid 38 Phase 14 was destroyed in 604 BC (Babylonian Chronicles, Weidner Tablets, and Jeremiah 47) and Lachish II was destroyed in 588-6 BC (Jeremiah 34:7, Lachish Letters). Tjeker/Sikil Dor was occupied by the Phoenicians in Iron Ia/b. The first Tripartite Pillared Buildings, serving the function of bazaars, appear at Tels Hadar and Qasile, to continue until the Assyrian conquests. Type sites include Tell el-‘Ajjul Palace II, Nagila VII*, Mirsim D1 and D2 (to before c. It is not known what took place to cause such a change in this phase, although it must have been something big.In Ephraim, the oil and wine producing estate became a modestly popular form of settlement.For anything before the dawn of humanity, see websites regarding geology. In Greece, Sub-Mycenaean transitions into Greek Proto-Geometric. Radiocarbon dating at ‘Atar Haroa proves this phase lasted well into the early 9th C BC. The Nahas-Masos network, operating by the way of Mampsis/Kurnub, becomes operational, partially replacing the Timnah mine, and stays so to the end of the Iron Age. The naming of these phases only incidentally corresponds to reality; little bronze was used in the EB and little iron was used in the Iron I. Middle Iron I-Contemporary with a renewed Philistine settlement, lasting maximally from 1060 to 1020 BC by Finkelstein’s model. A small amount of Philistine bichrome originating from the Lebanese coast and from the area of Dor itself has been found in the earliest Iron Age stratum at Dor, demonstrating that Philistine bichrome was produced outside Philistia. X, Masos IIIB, Tel Beersheba IX, Jemmeh JK (V), Tel Sera VIII, Tel Haror B2, Mirsim B2, Halif VII, Ashkelon Grid 38 Phase 18 and Grid 50 Phase 9, Gath A6, Ashdod XIIIA and XII* and XI*, Tel Mor IV, Beth-Shemesh Levels 6* and 5 (“Stratum III”), Ekron VIB and VC and VB, Timnah V, Tell el-Ful I, Tell en-Nasbeh (Mizpah) IV, Gezer XIII and XII, et-Tell II**, Beitin Iron I Phase 3, Shiloh V*, Aphek X10, Qasile XII-XI, Rehov D-4, Dor Late Iron Ia Early (to c. In the Hill Country, David is said by the later Judahite traditions to have taken over the City of David, an unfortified village. First Phoenician script appears (Kefar Veradim, Early Byblian inscriptions [those before Shipitbaal], possibly Gezer Calendar). The Tell Beit Mirsim standard is an obsolete standard used for periods between EBIII to 701 BC until the 1970s, though it is still useful for eras earlier than the Late Bronze. Arabia, Painted Qurayyah ware, which does not continue into the next phase. , Megiddo VIB (K-5), Yokneam XVII, Abu Hawam IV, Kinneret VI, Hazor XII/XI, Dan VI and V (to c. Pottery styles for this era include Philistine Bichrome, Late Cypriot IIIB, and Phoenician Monochrome. As evidenced by the finds at Khirbet Qeiyafa, a literate (in a very limited sense) state in the Elah valley existed in the early part of this period. A Masos IIIB-Nahas S3-based trading network began in the South.Radiocarbon dating at Ekron has been used to reconstruct the chronology of Early-Mid Iron I and at ‘Atar Haroa (30°54’27″N, 34°51’12″E) and Tel Rehov to reconstruct the chronology of early Iron IIa. Before that, we have Egyptian chronology, based on radiocarbon, Sothic, and lunar dates. VIIa, Hammah Late Iron I*, Ahwat, Rehov D-3, Beth-Shean Upper VI and some Lower V*, Dor Iron Ia/b (to c. Unburnished Red Slip pottery appears in the Shephelah toward the end of this period.Before this, physical dating methods, stone tool typology, faunal and floral remains, and stratigraphy are the last tools which remain for us to use. 800,000 BC) – moves into Palestine to make the first stone tools found there. Early-Mid Cypro-Geometric I and some Cypro-Geometric IB first appears in Palestine. 880 BC)-Characterized by the reign of Shoshenq I and its effects, which included expansion (not contraction) of the copper producing network in the South, which fizzled out with the advent of the Cypriot copper trade. Timna of the Aravah was re-inhabited in this phase. Type sites for this era include Avaris General Phase B/1, Tell el-Far’ah S. Most sites at the end of of this era were either resettled by the Philistines, destroyed by the Philistines and abandoned, simply abandoned, or continued as they were.

Comments 333dating com